Medical Courses in India

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Pursuing a medical courses in India is far tougher than taking a decision to become a doctor. But, hats off to those who pursue their studies with as much as interest as when they were dreaming to become a doctor. Also, the zeal to serve others, the passion to think of other people’s wellness and the drive to come out of comfort zone and look what best you can do for others, so that people can feel every beat of life and make most of it; is not a small thing to have in one’s mind. Similarly when youth is going behind technology, there are few who understand the price of one’s life and opt medical. Because no matter how much wealth a person hoards, it’s just incomparable to health.

Furthermore, the Medical Council of India is the regulatory authority which has laid down rules and regulations to medical education, so that good education standard can be attained by every medical student. There are various medical courses in India that have been running from long, everyone have their own importance, you can choose according to your area of interest. Have a look:

Medical Courses in India:

1. MBBS:

It is one of the most popular medical courses in India. It’s full form is bachelor of masters and bachelor of surgery. Medical entrance exams are conducted on a National Level and State Level to select suitable medical students for undergraduate medical programs. The MBBS degree holder can run their practice as a physician because they possess good knowledge for every right disease. While the total MBBS duration is 4.5 years academic education + 1 year mandatory internship. Some of the popular entrance exams for MBBS are given below:

  • AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences): Most prestigious entrance exam
  • AIPMT (All India Pre medical Test): Conducted by CBSE
  • Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore: Minority run private & research institute
  • Armed Force Medical College (AFMC): Manages by Indian Armed Forces

2. BDS:

BDS is the only educational and professional program of dental surgery in India. It offers knowledge and skills related to general dental anatomy. The full form of this medical course in India is Bachelor of Dental surgery. BDS includes the treatment as well as prevention of a wide range of diseases of the mouth. Certainly, the main objective of the dentistry program is to produce a dentist who is socially acceptable and is able to work safely & effectively on patients in diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and oral diseases. The duration of BDS degree ranges from 3 years to 5 years.

Popular BDS entrance exams are:

  • Banaras Hindu University Medical Entrance Exam
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth University Medical Entrance Exam
  • Christian Medical College Entrance Exam
  • Delhi University Medical/Dental Entrance Exam
  • All India Post Graduate Dental Entrance Test
  • Amrita University Medical Entrance Exam
  • Association of Managements of Unaided Private Medical and Dental Colleges Exam

3. BHMS:

BHMS stands for Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery. BHMS is an undergraduate degree program in medical field. Furthermore, this medical course in India treats patients with the help of heavily diluted preparations of chemicals. While, it is an ancient medicine form originated from Germany. Also, it works on the principle of stimulating body’s immunity to heal oneself by giving small doses of highly diluted substances. BHMS course is of 5½ year duration including an internship. The best homeopathy colleges in India are:

  • National Institute of Homeopathy, Kolkata
  • Shivaji University, South Maharashtra
  • Motiwala Homeopathic Medical College, Gangapur
  • Rajasthan Vidyapeeth Homeopathic Medical College & Hospital

4. BAMS:

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is an integrated Indian Degree in the medical field. This degree program is conferred to those students who have studied the modern medicines and traditional Ayurveda. Ayurvedic science is one of the ancient medical systems of the world. It traces its roots to the Vedic period. Also, BAMS is 5 and a half years course. Best ayurveda colleges in India are:

  • Shri Dhanwantri Ayurvedic College, Chandigarh
  • Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore
  • Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar
  • JB Roy State Medical College, Kolkata
  • Ayurvedic Medical College, Kolhapur

5. MD/MS:

MD is a post graduation degree, stands for masters in medicines and MS is a post graduation degree stands for masters in surgery. Both of them are a 3 years course for medical Graduates (MBBS) that deal with the branches which do not require surgical skills. MD is awarded in both non-clinical as well as clinical branches.

Likewise, the future prospects of MD and MS as medical courses in India are generally same. An individual who completes MS becomes a surgeon whereas the one who takes up MD is a physician. Finally, a surgeon can work in place of a physician with more study of medicine while a physician cannot be a surgeon. In contrast, financially, a surgeon can earn a lot more money than a physician, if he or she is skilled.

The Popular specializations in MS and MD are:


The obstetrics & Gynecology, Endocrinology, Orthopaedics, Neurology and the Anesthesiology, Cardiology, Internal Medicine, Paediatric, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Radio diagnosis and the Pathology.


Pediatric surgery, plastic surgery, cardio-thoracic surgery, Urology, Cardiac surgery, Cosmetic surgery, ENT, Ophthalmology, Gynecology, Obstetrics and the orthopedics.

So, usually it takes three years to complete the MD or MS but for s super specialization the student needs two years more after MD or MS.

Furthermore, some of the best Medical Courses in India & colleges offering post graduation in surgery/medicine are given below:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi
  • Armed Forces Medical College(AFMC), Pune
  • Christian Medical College(CMC), Vellore
  • Maulana Azad Medical College(MAMC), Delhi
  • University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital , Delhi
  • Sri Ramchandra Medical College and Research Institute(SRMC), Chennai
  • Seth G S Medical College, Mumbai
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (AMU), Aligarh

Certainly, apart from them, there are few other medical courses in India which are also gaining popularity these days, some of them are:

  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • Bachelor in Unani medicine and surgery
  • Bachelor in Science in Nursing

Most noteworthy, medical is a noble profession, no matter which course you opt, but study with full of interest and practice your profession with full honestly, because with medical degrees, you are asked not to work with objects, stationery but with Human body, the most precious wealth of one’s life.

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