This is a work-for-hire agreement for freelance writers doing work for a client in an independent contractor relationship.
SAMPLE WORK-FOR-HIRE FREEHLANCE WRITING AGREEMENT
This Work-for-Hire Freelance Writing Agreement (this “Agreement”) is hereby entered into as of this Day day of Month, 2012 (“Effective Date”) between the Writer and Client noted below, with respect to the Services and Project defined herein below.
Writer Name (“Writer”):
Business Name: Writer Business Name
Website: Writer Website
Contact: Writer Contact Name
Tel: Writer Telephone
Email: Writer Email
Client Name (“Client”):
Business Name: Client Business Name
Website: Client Website
Contact: Client Contact Name
Tel: Client Contact Telephone
Email: Client Contact Email
Terms & Conditions
- SERVICES; PROJECT. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, Client hereby engages Writer to perform, and Writer agrees to perform, professional freelance writing services (“Work”) to be performed on/for the following project (s): List Project(s) (“Project”)
- DELIVERABLES; DISCRETION. Upon completion, Writer shall submit the completed Project in written form in format reasonably acceptable to Client. Subject to the terms set forth herein, including Paragraph 3 below, the manner and method of producing the Project is solely at the discretion of Writer as long as they comply with Client requirements, which Client shall communicate in writing to Writer. Writer is obliged to work only on the Project and the Client is not entitled to demand Writer's engagement in another project unless or until Client and Writer enter into a separate agreement to cover such project on mutually agreed-upon terms.
- OBLIGATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF WRITER.
(a) Upon submitting the Project to the Client, Writer represents and warrants that the Project (or any part of it):
- is plagiarism-free and original (is not owned by any third party fully or partially and does not contain any previously produced text, “copy-pasting”);
- contains full and absolutely correct references to third-party authors;
- contains quotations of texts by third-party authors that are no longer than one (1) sentence or fifteen (15) words per each quote, and not exceeding 15% of the total Project text, with obligatory indication of page or paragraph of cited source;
- complies with all requirements provided by the Client (formatting style is considered a requirement)
- has not been obtained by unlawful means;
- has not been previously published in any manner or medium, specifically including but not limited to, print or electronic means.
This is too heavy a burden to put on the writer. You should use a standard of reasonableness. Absolute guarantees are very dangerous because they're easily invoked. Suppose, for example, that the writer cites a reference that she believes is accurate because it appears multiple times on the web, but it's not actually accurate.
(c) The Project must conform to general readability standards as determined by the Client. Writer acknowledges and represents that if the Project fails to conform to the general readability standards, the Client has the sole right to request immediate revision of Project, deny payment, and/or cancel this Agreement. If the Project is deemed inappropriate by the Client at the time of submission or publication, either for content or other reasons, the Client has the sole right to request immediate revision of Project, deny payment, and/or refuse to use any portion of the Project in any publication related to the business of Client or otherwise.
Some states require payment for work done regardless of acceptability. Regardless of state law, though, all contracts should have that provision. Which means the client has to monitor the work closely, esp. in early stages of the project and with writers new to her. You can help the client do this by writing milestones into the contract and scheduling reviews of your progress at every milestone. You should give the client a short period of time to do the review and provide that if he skips or ignores it, the milestone is deemed completed.
- COMPENSATION; CHANGES. Client agrees to pay Writer:
$___________ per hour Change if paid per word or for a flat-fee
If the parameters of the Project changes, or if it involves much more time than originally estimated, Writer will inform Client and they can renegotiate the rate. Writer will bill for half of the total estimated cost when Writer begins the Work and the rest upon completion. Writer will submit the final invoice for the Work upon receiving approval from Client. If Writer has not received any comments or revisions within a week of submitting a completed draft, Writer will send the invoice. Writer requires half of the total estimate cost up front before beginning a rush job if for a first-time client.
Writer requires a purchase order number or an initialized agreement before beginning Work. Incidental expenses such as long distance phone calls, postage, courier service, are absorbed by Writer. Mileage to special events or interviews is billed at the rate currently accepted by the IRS. Writer is responsible for the payment of all federal, state and/or local taxes with respect to the Work he/she performs for the Client as an independent contractor. The Client will not treat Writer as an employee for any purpose.
Any verbal or written changes made by Client to the scope of the Work following its initiation by Writer are subject to additional charges. Should such changes negate any part of the Work already completed at the time of the changes, Client accepts responsibility for payment of the completed work and all services related to it, in addition to charges for the change itself.
- PAYMENT AND COLLECTION; JURISDICTION. Unless otherwise specified in writing, invoices not paid within 30 days of the invoice date will accrue interest at 1.5% per month. Client agrees to pay for each check returned for insufficient funds or any other reason $25 per occurrence or 5% of the value of each returned item, whichever is greater. Client agrees to pay all reasonable attorney’s fees (at least 15% of all amounts due, including interest) if any account is placed with an attorney for collection. Client agrees that the purchase of the services described herein constitutes “doing business” in the State of Writer's Residence and submits itself to the jurisdiction of the State of Jurisdiction with respect to any suit brought by Writer to collect any sums hereunder. The parties agree that the only venue for any suit brought by either of them with respect to the services sold hereunder shall be in the State Court of Venue County.
- INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR STATUS.
(a) The parties expressly agree and acknowledge that the relationship created by this Agreement is one of Independent Contractor. Writer is not the employer of the Client. The Writer agrees to be treated as an Independent Contractor for all employment purposes. Therefore, no payroll deductions for employment taxes or insurance of any kind shall be paid by the Client for or on Writer's behalf. Payroll deductions, employment taxes and insurance that are subject to this paragraph include but are not limited to FICA, federal, state, and local income tax withholding; state disability insurance; state unemployment insurance; and workers compensation insurance.
(b) In order to meet State and Federal rules and regulations applicable to Independent Contractor status, the Writer must meet the following criteria: (i) be engaged in a distinct occupation or business; (ii) perform services without direct supervision; (iii) provide tools & equipment for said services; and (iv) provide business license, and/or Federal I.D. number, or valid Social Security Number.
(c) The Writer shall not hold himself/herself out to the public as an employee, agent, or partner of or with the Client. The Client is engaged in the business of Client's Business and is not an employer, partner or joint venture of or with the Writer.
In California, in WFH contracts with writers and other creators of copyrightable material, the creators have to be hired as employees, not contractors. Check it out with the state's Employment Development Dept.
- MATERIALS. The Client agrees to furnish the Writer with all necessary materials needed to complete the Work described herein. Such materials may include, but are not limited to, podcast files, articles, training documents, client’s products, passwords/logins, marketing collateral, feedback and guidance on what the Client’s objectives are, and other materials. Adjust as appropriate
- TERM; TERMINATION. This Agreement will begin on the Effective Date set forth above and shall continue until terminated as provided herein by either party. If either party violates a term of this Agreement, then the other party (the "Non-breaching Party") may terminate this Agreement, effective immediately upon delivery of written notice of termination by the Non-breaching Party. Notwithstanding the foregoing, either party may terminate this Agreement at any time for any or no reason, effective upon three (3) days written notice. Upon written or verbal cancellation, Client is responsible for payment for all expenses incurred and any Work performed by Writer toward the completion of the project based on the percentage of project completed. Should Client cancel the project following its completion, Client is responsible for full payment as per the above estimate plus all other expenses incurred.
- OWNERSHIP/COPYRIGHT. All original Work created for this project shall be considered “work-for-hire” performed in the United States of America. The copyright for all Work produced under this agreement shall belong to the Writer until 100% of payment has been received. Upon receiving full payment, the Writer shall transfer all rights to the Client. Client shall exclusively own in perpetuity all now known or hereafter existing rights of every nature worldwide pertaining to such Work in or as part of any version of the Client’s publications that are published in print or displayed through computer-assisted and other interactive media such as the Internet and World Wide Web (collectively the "Rights"). Writer hereby irrevocably grants and assigns to the Client all Rights for the Work free from any restrictions and limitations. Writer should attempt to negotiate reversionary rights to the copyright if the Client rejects/does not publish the work after a set period of time
In WFH, the client has the copyright from the start. It never belongs to the writer. That's is distinctive about WFH and it's one of the primary reasons that clients use it.
All the language in this section about the writer granting rights should be deleted. The language would be appropriate in a standard freelance agreement but not here. And since this contract is boilerplate, it would be a good idea to include the following quote from the copyright law defining the kinds of works that can be created in a WFH contract. This is from Section 101, Copyright Act of 1976 (USC 17 §101):
A work made for hire is
(1) a work prepared by an employee within the scope of his or her employment; or
(2) a work specially ordered or commissioned for use
as a contribution to a collective work,
as a part of a motion picture or other audiovisual work,
as a translation,
as a supplementary work,
as a compilation,
as an instructional text,
as a test,
as answer material for a test, or
as an atlas,
if the parties expressly agree in a written instrument signed by them that the work shall be considered a work made for hire.
If a WFH contract is used with other kinds of works, the copyright remains with the writer. Because of this, WFH contracts often have a provision that if WFH doesn't apply, the writer transfers all rights anyway.
- CONFIDENTIALITY. The Writer agrees to abide by the provisions of the Personal Information Protection of Electronic Documents Act and that any and all information provided by the Client (the “Information”) shall be kept strictly confidential. The Consultant agrees not to, at any time, or in any manner, either directly or indirectly, use any information for the Consultant’s own benefit, or divulge, disclose, or communicate in any manner any information to any third party without the prior written consent of the Client. The confidentiality provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect after the termination of this Agreement.
This section as written is unenforceable in most, maybe all, states. It is far too restrictive.
The only information that the writer should hold confidential is info whose disclosure would actually and directly hurt the client. It's up to the client to identify all such information beforehand (clients can use a rubber stamp saying "Confidential" or a note on the title page of a document). The writer can be required to exercise reasonable judgement when in doubt, but she should verify her judgement as quickly as possible.
Also, the info should be held confidential only as long as necessary, that is, only for as long as divulging it would actually and directly hurt the client and rarely more than a year. For instance, the designs for this year's fall fashion shows shouldn't be divulged before the shows, but once the fashions are in the stores, there's no point in holding the designs confidential.
- INDEMNIFICATION. Client agrees to hold Writer harmless for any such damages that may arise from Writer’s work product. In no event shall Writer be liable for any direct, indirect, punitive, incidental, special consequential damages whatsoever arising out of or connected with the use or misuse of her work product. Writer assumes no responsibility for any special, incidental, indirect, or consequential damages of any kind, or any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from her work product or from: (1) user or Client reliance on the materials or documents produced (2) costs of replacement writings, training, or documents (3) loss of use, data, or profits (4) delays or business interruptions, (5) and any theory of liability, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of Writer’s work whether or not Writer has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
- FINAL AGREEMENT. This Agreement terminates and supersedes all prior understandings or agreements on the subject matter hereof. This Agreement may be modified only by a further writing that is duly executed by both parties.
- SOLE AGREEMENT; AMENDMENTS. The agreement contained in this Contract constitutes the sole agreement between the Writer and the Client regarding the project outlined above. Any additional work not specified in this contract requires a separate agreement. All prices specified in this contract will be honored for two (2) months after both parties sign this contract. Continued services after that time will require a new agreement.
- GOVERNING LAW. This contract will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of Governing Law, without giving effect to its choice of law rules
For writing contracts, governing law should be New York unless there is a compelling reason to do otherwise. The state has a large and widely-used body of publishing law and publishing-related employment law, whereas many states don't or those that they do have are too client-friendly. New York's laws are helpful to both writer and client. California is another publishing-savvy and writer-friendly state but only for non-WFH contracts.
- ENTIRE AGREEMENT; AMENDMENTS. This Agreement constitutes the entire understanding of the parties. Any changes or modifications thereto must be in writing and signed by both parties.
I, Client Representative Name, assert that I am a person employed by Client Name, and that I have the authority to promise payment for the services rendered by Writer for the aforementioned Work. I assert that I have read, understood and agree to the terms of this Work-for-Hire Freelance Writing Agreement.
I, Writer Name assert that I have read, understood and agree to the terms of this Work-for-Hire Freelance Writing Agreement.